Cotton is the main cash crop in Bortala Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture of Xinjiang and one of the leading industries in Bortala Prefecture. This year, the cotton planting area in Bozhou has stabilized at around 1.4 million acres, accounting for more than half of the total sowing area in the state. As one of the pillar industries, Bozhou fully taps the potential of cotton to improve quality and efficiency, and accelerates the high-quality development of the cotton industry.
At the beginning of the year, Bozhou formulated and issued the “Autonomous Prefecture Cotton Industry Development Promotion Plan”, “Work Plan to Improve Cotton Quality and Solve the Problem of Cotton’s “New and Old Three Silks”” and “Bozhou Cotton High-Quality and High-Yield Standardized Production Implementation Plan (Trial) 》etc., to provide policy guarantee for the high-quality development of the cotton industry. At the same time, we will implement the requirements for developing the entire agricultural industry chain, include the cotton industry in the six major agricultural industry chains in the autonomous prefecture, implement the “chain length” and “chain master” mechanism, and focus on “consolidating the front end of the industrial chain, refining the middle end of the industrial chain, and developing industries “End of the chain” draws a road map and timetable to improve the competitiveness of Bozhou cotton market.
Focusing on varieties is to do a good job in source management of high-quality development of cotton. According to Li Weiguo, director of the Bozhou Seed Industry Development Center, this year Bozhou is promoting five varieties, Xinluzao 54, Xinluzao 76, J8031, Jinken 1402, and Xinluzao 63, to promote and guide growers to grow in the same ecological area. Plant recommended varieties. At the same time, we built a high-quality breeding base and completed the breeding of 60,300 acres of high-quality cotton seeds. We adhered to the “three nursery fields” + high-quality seed fields technology route and further improved our high-quality breeding capabilities and seed production quality.
This year, the Cotton Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences built the Bozhou Experimental Station in Jinghe County, with a radiation area of 4,000 acres. It is responsible for national genetically modified early-maturing regional trials and production trials, high-quality and high-yielding new variety breeding, and specialty special cotton. (Cotton for batting) demonstration, degradable film demonstration and other projects. The two parties will deepen cooperation on the creation of “Hometown of Medium and Long Staple Cotton” geographical indications in the main cotton producing areas of Bole City and Jinghe County, the construction of think tanks, high-quality cotton planting technology training, and the adjustment of the cotton industry structure, etc., to inject into the development of Bozhou’s cotton industry. Powerful and energetic.
Currently, Bozhou has 8,014 large and medium-sized tractors, 3,626 film spreading machines, 2,394 precision seeders, 622 sets of Beidou satellite navigation automatic driving systems, 716 plant protection drones, spray boom There are 650 sprayers and 359 cotton harvesters. The entire process of cotton cultivation, management and harvesting is fully mechanically supported, and the mechanization level reaches 99.1%. 150,000 acres of machine-picked cotton planting models such as “Wide, Early and Excellent” have been promoted in various regions according to local conditions, and supporting integrated technologies for machine-picked cotton such as intelligent water and fertilizer integration, drone plant protection, chemical topping, defoliation and ripening, and packaged mechanical harvesting have been promoted. , to realize the development of cotton production towards standardization, intelligence and informatization.