At present, cotton field management has entered a critical period. The widespread promotion and application of a number of new cotton planting technologies such as the Beidou navigation system and satellite remote sensing full detection technology have brought cotton field management into the smart era, with more significant cost-saving and efficiency-increasing effects. , the growth of 700,000 acres of high-quality cotton in Manas County is gratifying.
In the cotton fields of the Lesheng Planting Professional Cooperative in Letuyi Town, Manas, Xinjiang, three high-power tractors equipped with Beidou navigation systems are performing cultivating, chemical control and other tasks according to preset routes. This year, the cooperative’s planting machines harvested 50,000 acres of cotton, and a total of 12 high-horsepower tractors were installed with the Beidou navigation system. The cotton field management was more accurate and efficient, and the overall cotton growth was good.
Ma Tao, head of the Lesheng Planting Professional Cooperative in Letuyi Town, said: “During chemical control operations, these large horsepower can achieve precision and efficiency without errors, and do not ginning cotton seedlings. These large horsepower match the latest The sprayer sprays evenly, thus reducing the amount of pesticides used. Each spraying per mu of land can save about 2-3 yuan in cost.”
In recent years, Manas County has continued to improve With the development level of agricultural modernization, large-scale planting, standardized production, mechanized operations, and intelligent management of the cotton industry have become a reality. Nowadays, the cooperative can use satellite remote sensing cotton full-process detection technology to understand the growth of cotton in detail at the first time, and conduct scientific field management based on data analysis of temperature, humidity and cotton growth process.
Ma Tao, head of the Lesheng Planting Professional Cooperative in Letuyi Town, said: “We can observe real-time conditions such as cotton growth, pests and diseases, and drought conditions on tablets and mobile phones, and can accurately detect problems in cotton fields. , go to the site to solve it in time, which saves us labor in the field, realizes intelligent management of cotton, and lays a good foundation for us to increase production and income.”
Good water and fertilizer management is to ensure a high cotton yield. key factors. This year, the cooperative also introduced a new smart irrigation system integrating water and fertilizer, which allows water, nutrients, and drugs to be more accurately transported to the root soil of cotton through drip irrigation, improving the precision of irrigation, fertilization, and pesticide application, and achieving water, fertilizer, and Save on chemicals and labor, the amount of pesticide application has been reduced by about 20%, the fertilizer utilization rate has increased by 10%, and the chemical pesticide utilization rate has increased by more than 6%.
Zhou Yongpeng, a member of the Lesheng Planting Professional Cooperative in Letuyi Town, said: “Now, 400 cubic meters of water per acre of land is basically enough. The water fee alone is higher than before. It saves about 50 yuan, but now our average output has reached 450 kilograms, so through the current advanced irrigation technology and good management technology, our people have indeed received great benefits during the use process.”
In the next step, the technical staff of the Manas County Agricultural Technology Extension Center will continue to go deep into the fields, implement policies according to local conditions and seedlings, do a good job in pest control, chemical regulation and other work, and provide high-quality services to help cotton farmers increase yields, Focus on efficiency and achieve a bumper harvest.
Shen Bo, a researcher at the Manas County Agricultural Technology Extension Center, said: “We are now organizing agricultural technicians from all over the county to go to the front line, using satellite remote sensing monitoring technology and intelligent water-saving drip irrigation in various towns. The entire smart agriculture technology classification, seedling classification, and precise guidance to farmers according to time and place will ensure that our cotton seedlings grow uniformly and lay a good foundation for our future cotton harvest.”