Silk is a natural fiber fabric, known as the “Queen of Fibers”. It is famous for its light texture, softness and smoothness, strong breathability, comfortable and cool to wear, warm in winter and cool in summer, and elegant and unrestrained. It is an ideal high-end clothing fabric. Nowadays, more and more people are buying silk clothing, and it is also more popular. Today, the editor will introduce this issue to you.
Q: What are the main components of silk?
Answer: It belongs to animal fiber and protein fiber.
Do you think silkworms spin just a line?
That’s because it keeps eating mulberry leaves and converts them into its unique nutrients, silk protein.
The crystal clear line it spits out is the composition of this protein.
Q: How many types of silk are there?
Answer: Real silk generally refers to silk, including mulberry silk, tussah silk, castor silk, cassava silk, etc. Common silk fabric varieties according to the craftsmanship include crepe de chine, heavy crepe, georgette, double georgette, heavy georgette, Sangbo satin, plain crepe satin, stretch plain crepe satin, and Shunyu taffeta power-spun thin silk spun cotton silk. .Warp knitting, etc.
Q: How to wash silk clothes?
Answer: 1. Hand washing: a basin of clean water → add special silk cleaning solution → stir evenly → put in silk clothes → soak for ten minutes → rub gently → air dry naturally in a cool place.
The water temperature during washing should be cold or warm water, and should not exceed 35 degrees. Do not soak for more than 10 minutes. Use special silk detergent or neutral soap. Stir the detergent into the water before adding clothes. Knead gently and do not use gravity to prevent fiber damage. After washing, put it in water and dry it. Do not twist it hard. Dry it in the shade and do not expose it to the sun to prevent it from affecting the strength and color fastness of the fiber. It is best to dry them upside down to avoid direct sunlight. You can remove them when the clothes are about 80% dry. In this way, the silk clothes after drying will feel softer and less likely to fade. (Silk is acid-resistant and not alkali-resistant. For perfect control, you can add a few drops of acetic acid into the water before drying, soak the clothes in the water for about ten minutes, and then dry them to keep the color of the clothes fresh)
Tips Sir: Yellowed silk clothes can be soaked in clean rice water and the water should be changed every day. The yellowing will fade in about three days. Sweat stains can be washed with winter melon juice. Silk clothing that has hardened over time can be diluted with white vinegar and water and soaked to make the clothing soft again.
2. Dry cleaning:
You should choose a dry cleaner, but if there are stains, you need to explain what kind of stains they are.
Note: The raw silk fiber used in silk clothing is relatively delicate. If not washed properly, the silk surface will be easily deformed, wrinkled, faded, etc.
Q: How to maintain silk clothes?
Answer: 1. Clothing and care Note: Cosmetics, perfume, etc. are not allowed to be directly contaminated on silk clothing. If it is accidentally contaminated, clean it in time, otherwise it will easily turn yellow or black. Do not stretch your clothes or touch the rough chair surface. Because the fibers of silk are relatively thin and cannot withstand excessive friction, it is best not to scratch the itch in a jumpsuit. Since the cohesion of the long fibers of silk fabrics is not as good as that of other blended fiber fabrics, it is easy to cause strands to be combined under the influence of external forces, which is also called rowing or draping. Do not apply deodorant or perfume, and do not place mothballs. Because these are chemical clothes, they are easy to damage silk, especially white silk. If they come into contact with these, the fabric of the clothes will turn yellow. Prevent severe friction between the fabric and the seat cushion, resulting in turning and shifting. It is not advisable to wear silk clothing when you sweat a lot.
2. Preserve silk clothing
Silk clothing should be washed again when it is not used. After drying, iron it with an iron, fold it neatly and put it in an opaque cloth. Recommended for direct hanging and exposure to air.
For thin underwear, shirts, pants, skirts, pajamas, etc., they should be washed first, ironed and dried, and then the cloth covers should be sorted and stored.
Autumn and winter clothing and cheongsam that are inconvenient to remove and wash should be cleaned with dry cleaning and ironed to prevent mildew and moth.
After ironing, it can also play a role in sterilization and insecticide.
At the same time, the boxes and cabinets where clothes are stored should be kept clean to prevent dust contamination.
(1) Silk clothing has strong hygroscopicity. When not wearing, it is best to hang the clothes on hangers and keep them ventilated. Do not store silk clothing in humid places or under direct sunlight to avoid mold spots. and fading.
(2) It is advisable to use wooden or smooth plastic hangers for storage, and avoid storing them with items that are easy to fade or stain.
(3) Silk clothing is best hung and stored, kept dry, and insect repellent should not come into direct contact with the clothing.
(4) Hang the clothes in a dark place to prevent the fabric from turning yellow due to direct light exposure.
(5) Frequent ventilation is required and should not be placed in a plastic bag for a long time.
(6) When white and light-colored silk are placed at the same time, it is best to separate them with “safety” items.
(7) Clothes made of fabrics such as georgette and double-wrinkle fabrics should not be hung for a long time. They will stretch out due to their own weight and deform the clothes. They should be lined with cloth and placed in a box during storage. The upper layer of the cabinet to avoid wrinkles.
(9) Silk clothes should not be placed together with tussah silk clothes, because most of the raw materials of tussah silk clothes have been fumigated with sulfur, which will causeDiscolor silk clothing.
(10) Avoid direct contamination of desiccant, cosmetics, perfume, etc. on silk clothing when collecting.
If it is accidentally contaminated, clean it in time, otherwise it will easily turn yellow or black.
3. Ironing silk clothing
When ironing silk clothing, the anti-wrinkle performance of silk clothing is slightly worse than that of chemical fiber clothing, so there is a saying that “no wrinkles are not real silk”.
If clothes become wrinkled after washing, they need to be ironed to make them crisp, elegant and beautiful.
When ironing, let the clothes dry until they are 70% dry, then spray water evenly and wait for 3-5 minutes before ironing. The ironing temperature should be controlled between 130 degrees and 140 degrees.
It is not advisable to press the iron directly on the silk surface to avoid producing aurora. It must be covered with a layer of wet cloth before ironing to prevent the high temperature from making the silk brittle or even burnt.
Be careful not to use high temperatures when ironing, and do not iron directly.
Q: How to clean oil stains on silk?
Answer: If the silk is stained with oil, it is best to send it to a dry cleaner for dry cleaning.
If mothers want to wash it by hand, you can also follow the following steps to easily remove oil stains on silk.
After the clothes are stained with oil, squeeze some toothpaste on the stained area, rub it gently a few times, and then wash it with clean water to remove the oil stain.
Applying alcohol or salt solution to the oil stain can also remove the oil stain.
If cooked oil stains your clothes, soak them in warm salt water and then rinse them with soap to remove them.
If there are oil stains on silk clothes, you can make a paste of talcum powder and apply it on the oil stains. After leaving it for a period of time, remove the talcum powder, then put paper on the silk, and use not too much heat. ironing iron.
(1) When removing oil and pigment from silk clothes, place the oily area on the palm mound under the thumb, also called (fish muscle), and apply stain remover respectively.
(2) Rub it up and down or left and right (do not turn in circles) until the stains are removed before cleaning.
Remove washed clothes with lint degreaser.
Dry-cleaned clothing is removed with a dry-cleaning pre-treatment agent.
It is recommended that silk clothing be dry-cleaned.