When it comes to what velvet fabric is, many friends may not know much about it, or have even heard of it. So what exactly is velvet fabric? Let the editor take everyone to realize it together. For example: if we talk about etiquette shoes, everyone probably knows that the fabric of etiquette shoes is made of velvet cloth.
The nickname of Velveteen is also Called mercerized velveteen or velveteen, it is a pure cotton fabric woven with a pile structure. Its characteristic is that it uses combed double-strand yarn in the warp direction and single yarn in the weft direction. According to the processing method, it can be divided into warp pile and weft pile. The former is also called warp pile and the latter is also called warp pile. Make cut weft velveteen.
After weaving the finished fabric, it goes through two processes: alkali rolling and velvet cutting, and then a series of processing steps of dyeing or printing to finally form the finished product. Velveteen fabric has the characteristics of full and flat pile, rich texture, mild luster, soft touch, good warmth retention, wear resistance, and not easy to wrinkle. It is mainly used as fabric for women’s spring, autumn and winter fashion and shoes and hats.
The raw material is velveteen, which is raised with warp yarns. It consists of two sets of warp yarns (ground warp and pile warp) and a set of weft yarns interlaced to form a double-layer fabric. After being cut, it can become two flat fabrics. The single layer of pile is velvet. The structure of velvet is generally plain weave. The pile warp is mainly fixed by V-shaped combination method. There are two arrangement ratios of ground warp and pile warp: 2:1 and 1:1. Warp velvet can be divided into mercerized velveteen and train velveteen according to the length of the pile. The pile of train velveteen is longer and is often used on train seat cushions; the pile of mercerized velveteen is shorter and after mercerization treatment, the cloth surface becomes bright and is often used in fashion, military collar badges and decorations.
What are the characteristics of velvet cloth? ?
Velveteen fabric has full and flat pile, high elasticity, soft hand feel, good warmth retention, soft luster, wear resistance and durability, and not easy to wrinkle. Velveteen fabrics should not be rubbed vigorously when cleaning to avoid affecting the fullness and flatness of the pile.
The abrasion resistance of velveteen is 4-5 times higher than that of ordinary fabrics. Because the surface of the velveteen fabric is in contact with the outside world with fiber sections, friction between the cloth and the bottom is avoided. The surface of velveteen has upright piles, so it feels softer and has good elasticity. The surface is not prone to wrinkles and has a soft luster. The cloth body is rich, and the fluff on the surface can form an air layer, so it has good warmth retention. Therefore, velveteen fabric is very popular among people and is often used in daily life.