China Fabric Factory Fabric News What are the properties of commonly used fibers (commonly used textile fabrics in Chinese and English)

What are the properties of commonly used fibers (commonly used textile fabrics in Chinese and English)



Commonly used textile fabrics in Chinese and English English abbreviation English name Chinese name AC acetate Acetate, acid ester BM bamboo Bamboo fiber CO cotton Cotton LI linen,…

Commonly used textile fabrics in Chinese and English

English abbreviation

English name

Chinese name

AC

acetate

Acetate, acid ester

BM

bamboo

Bamboo fiber

CO

cotton

Cotton

LI

linen,flax

Lax

RA

polyamide

Nylon, polyamide fiber

N

Nylon

Nylon (nylon)

PC

acrylic

Acrylic

PES, PE

polyester

Polyester, polyester fiber

PU

polyurethane

Spandex

EL

elastane fiber, spendex

Elastic fiber, elastic fiber

SE

silk

Silk

MS

mulberry silk

Mulberry silk

TS

tussah silk

Tassah silk

RY

rayon

Rayon

VI

viscose rayon

Viscose rayon

W, WO

wool

Wool

WS

cashmere

Cashmere

WA

angora

Angora Rabbit

WK

camel

Camel

WL

lambwool

Lamb’s wool

WM

mohair

Mohair

WP

alpaca

Alpaca

AL

albumen

Pupa protein fiber

CU

cuprammonium rayon

Copper fiber

HM

hemp

Marijuana

JU

jute

Jute

MD

polynosic

Viscose

ME

metallic

Metal fiber

SB

soybean

Soy fiber

TS

Tencel

Tencel

LY

Lycra

lycra

MC

Modal

modal

LC

Lyocell

Lyocell fiber

el.

elastane fiber

[Western Europe ]Spandex

op.

Opelon

Opelun

p/c

polyester/cotton

Polyester/cotton

t/c

terylene/cotton

Polyester/cotton

t/r

polyester/rayon

Polyester/rayon

Characteristics of commonly used fibers

1

Natural fibers

COTTON (cotton): sweat-absorbent, soft.

LlNEN (linen): easy to wrinkle, straight and breathable after finishing, and more expensive.

RAMIE (yam): It is a kind of linen material with thick yarn. It is usually used for curtain cloth or sofa cloth. When used for clothing, it is usually mixed with linen.

WOOL (wool): The wool is relatively thin and not easy to pill.

LAMBSWOOL (small wool): The wool is relatively thick and is generally mixed with ANCYLIC (polyacrylonitrile fiber) to make the clothes less likely to deform.

MOHAIR (mohai goat wool): has a fluffy feel and is relatively warm.

CASHMERE (Kashmir goat cashmere): The fiber is finer, light and soft, and comfortable to the touch.

ANGOLA (Angora goat hair or rabbit hair): The wool is thin and loose, feels smooth and elastic, and the price is higher.

SILK (silk): soft, beautiful luster, and highly hygroscopic.

2

Chemical fiber

RAYON (rayon) : Very light and soft, often used in COL-LECTION shirts.

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metallic

Metal fiber

SB

soybean

Soy fiber

TS

Tencel

Tencel

LY

Lycra

lycra

MC

Modal

modal

LC

Lyocell

Lyocell fiber

el.

elastane fiber

[Western Europe] Spandex

op.

Opelon

Opelon

p/c

polyester/cotton

Polyester/cotton

t/c

terylene/cotton

Polyester/cotton

t/r

polyester/rayon

Polyester/rayon

Characteristics of commonly used fibers

1

Natural fibers

COTTON (cotton): sweat-absorbent, soft.

LlNEN (linen): easy to wrinkle, straight and breathable after finishing, and more expensive.

RAMIE (yam): It is a kind of linen material with thick yarn. It is usually used for curtain cloth or sofa cloth. When used for clothing, it is usually mixed with linen.

WOOL (wool): The wool is relatively thin and not easy to pill.

LAMBSWOOL (small wool): The wool is relatively thick and is generally mixed with ANCYLIC (polyacrylonitrile fiber) to make the clothes less likely to deform.

MOHAIR (mohai goat wool): has a fluffy feel and is relatively warm.

CASHMERE (Kashmir goat cashmere): The fiber is finer, light and soft, and comfortable to the touch.

ANGOLA (Angora goat hair or rabbit hair): The wool is thin and loose, feels smooth and elastic, and the price is higher.

SILK (silk): soft, beautiful luster, and highly hygroscopic.

2

Chemical fiber

RAYON (rayon) : Very light and soft, often used in COL-LECTION shirts.

POLYESTER (polyester fiber): similar to rayon, easy to handle, not easy to wrinkle after ironing, and cheap.

SPANDEX (stretchable nylon): It is elastic in itself. Most fabrics mixed with cotton only need to contain 5-10%. It has greater elasticity and makes clothes more comfortable. Deformation, not easy to fade, higher price.

VISCOSE (synthetic fiber): Plain-woven VISCOSE has a shiny effect, while knitted VISCOSE feels very soft, heavier, and has a higher unit price.

NYLON (nylon): completely airtight and hard to the touch. It is suitable for windbreakers. When mixed with wool, it will make the clothes stiffer.

OLYESTER (polyester fiber): similar to rayon, easy to handle, not easy to wrinkle after ironing, and cheap.

SPANDEX (stretchable nylon): It is elastic in itself. Most fabrics mixed with cotton only need to contain 5-10%. It has greater elasticity and makes clothes more comfortable. Deformation, not easy to fade, higher price.

VISCOSE (synthetic fiber): Plain-woven VISCOSE has a shiny effect, while knitted VISCOSE feels very soft, heavier, and has a higher unit price.

NYLON (nylon): completely airtight and hard to the touch. It is suitable for windbreakers. When mixed with wool, it will make the clothes stiffer.

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Author: clsrich

 
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