“The sun welcomes the vast expanse of land, and the blossoms are as delicate as white jade.” In the vast cotton fields of Baghawati Township, Shache County, Xinjiang, after spraying chemicals by drones, the leaves on the cotton stalks have fallen off. fall. Large cotton pickers roared across the fields, and white fluffy cotton was quickly “eaten” into the cotton picker and automatically packed into bundles inside the machine. Every ten minutes, the cotton picker can “produce” a large cotton bale weighing 2 tons.
Yarkand County is located in Kashgar Prefecture and was once a deeply impoverished county. In order to support the rural revitalization construction of Yarkand County through science and technology and help the cotton industry in Yarkand County improve quality, efficiency, transformation and upgrading, in 2021, the Yarkand County Rural Revitalization Working Group of the Cotton Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (hereinafter referred to as the China Cotton Institute) held a meeting in Bagh High-yielding and good-breeding demonstration fields have been established in Awati Township, Huangdi Town, Ishkuli Township, fine seed farms and other places to test the planting of new cotton and wheat varieties, and to guide local Uyghur farmers to plant more than 30,000 acres of high-yield and high-efficiency fine seed breeding demonstration fields. , promoted 150,000 acres of high-quality and improved varieties, and farmers saved costs and increased efficiency by more than 10%.
In addition to Shache County, in Jiashi County, Tumushuk City and other places, the Rural Revitalization Working Group of the China Cotton Institute continues to carry out technical and work model research. Innovation, use science and technology to consolidate and expand the results of poverty alleviation, let the heart “flowers” bloom and the happiness “cotton” grow.
“I have never seen such good cotton”
In Bagha The cotton has been picked in the cotton field of Abuleti Maimaiti, a large farmer in Wati Township. “I have planted 1,000 acres of cotton fields in our township. The market is good this year, and the price has nearly doubled compared to last year.” What makes Abuleti Maimaiti even more happy is that due to the full mechanization of operation and management , one-stop service from sowing to harvesting, saving labor and effort, and also driving nearby farmers to learn mechanization and high-yield green planting technology, so as to increase income and become rich together.
In Jiashi County, Xinjiang, in order to consolidate the achievements of scientific and technological poverty alleviation, in 2021, the Jiashi County Rural Revitalization Working Group of the China Cotton Institute launched a An integrated demonstration of the high-yield supporting technology of China Cotton Institute’s 703 new strain of high-quality cotton was launched, starting from the “variety” end of the entire cotton industry chain, in order to solve the shortage of high-quality cotton varieties in Jiashi County.
After production testing and acceptance, China Cotton Institute’s 703 quality and yield achieved double breakthroughs, with the average seed cotton yield reaching 545.8 kg/mu and the highest yield reaching 612 kg/mu. , with an average yield increase of more than 20% compared to surrounding cotton fields. After fiber quality testing by the Cotton Quality Supervision, Inspection and Testing Center of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the quality is significantly better than “American cotton” and “Australian cotton”. The test spinning results of textile enterprises show that the 703 fiber of China Cotton Institute is suitable for spinning medium and high-count yarns such as 60 count and 80 count, and has broad prospects for industrialization as high-quality special cotton. The China Cotton Institute 703 seed cotton produced is purchased by textile mills at a price increase of 0.6 yuan per kilogram, and cotton farmers’ income per mu increases by 300 yuan.
Double breakthrough in quality and yield, high quality and good price
In Xinjiang Changji National Agricultural Science and Technology In the cotton fields of the park, models walked around wearing various high-quality cotton clothes. This is the “First Green Cotton Field Show and CCIA High-Quality Cotton Auction Conference” hosted by the China Cotton Industry Alliance (CCIA, hereinafter referred to as the China Cotton Alliance).
“Under the layout of the entire industry chain, the trend of the cotton industry has shifted from output to quality. Under the guidance of market demand, cotton prices will inevitably align with quality. The era of ‘quality is king’ has arrived.” said Ma Xiongfeng, deputy director of the China Cotton Research Institute and deputy secretary-general of the China Cotton Alliance.
The National Cotton Alliance is an integrated cooperation organization for the entire cotton industry chain. It is led by China Cotton Research Institute and unites my country’s cotton “scientific research-production-processing-circulation-textile” – Clothing – Trade” hundreds of enterprises and institutions throughout the industry chain were established. The alliance is committed to building a high-quality cotton industry chain, producing high-quality cotton that meets the needs of end users in my country’s main cotton-producing areas, and establishing millions of acres of high-quality cotton production bases in Xinjiang to promote the green and sustainable development of my country’s cotton industry and the overall development of China’s cotton industry. Industrial transformation and upgrading.
Huang Qun, deputy secretary-general of the China Cotton Alliance, said that at the auction conference, CCIA high-quality cotton was textile-produced at a maximum price increase of 2,500 yuan/ton. , clothing and other enterprises’ bidding and procurement, promoting the “order production or purchase and sale” model to achieve high quality, low price, high quality cotton and good use.
With the technical support of the Rural Revitalization Working Group of the China Cotton Research Institute, cotton in Yarkand, Jiashi County and other places has achieved breakthroughs in both quality and yield. It has greatly improved cotton farmers’ willingness to plant. Researcher Yuan Youlu, an expert on the working group, said that the working group will promote the implementation of the high-quality cotton order production model in Jiashi and other places, help brand cotton, consolidate and expand the results of poverty alleviation, and promote rural revitalization.