Before talking about Pima cotton, you must first know about long-staple cotton.
Long-staple cotton is a special variety of cotton known for its long fiber.
Long-staple cotton is of high quality, and its fibers are soft and long, generally 33 to 39 mm, with a length of up to 64 mm; the fineness is 7000 to 8500 meters/g, and the width is 15 to 16 microns. ; The strength is high, 4 to 5 grams of force/root, the breaking length is 33 to 40 kilometers; there are many twists, 80 to 120 pieces/cm.
Pima cotton (horse/Pima cotton): It is the collective name for the best extra long-staple cotton, Pima Cotton, formerly known as American Egyptian Cotton, is now named after the Pima Indian tradition of growing and hand-picking cotton in the southwestern United States.
Simply speaking, Pima cotton is a kind of long-fiber cotton. The filament fabric is full of luster, smooth to the touch, light and elegant. The fabric is made into a fabric with beautiful luster and various styles. Some have been specially finished, such as brushed and raised, to make the fabric softer and more luxurious.
This is a kind of magical cotton. Some people call it “cashmere cotton”, while others call it “the noble among cotton”. This kind of cotton only grows in the United States, Peru, and a small amount in other places such as Israel and Australia. It is an extra-long fiber cotton among fine velvet fibers. The reason why Pima cotton is called “cashmere cotton” is that it is much better than other cottons in terms of softness, strength and color.
Pima cotton is just one of its Chinese translations. It also has other translations, such as Pima cotton, Pima cotton, etc. The name originated from extra-long staple cotton grown in the southwestern United States in 1910. In the United States, cotton that is 13/8 inches or longer is generally considered to be pima cotton or extra-long staple cotton.
The history of Pima cotton
The history of Pima cotton can be traced back to its ancestors, which are cotton from the famous island in the southwest United States in 1700. This cotton is the same as Egyptian cotton. Planted together to produce the extra-long staple cotton of the day, these extra-long staple cottons evolved from the turn of the 20th century. In order to produce a “luxury product in fabrics” with excellent quality, very high-quality fibers are needed. Pima cotton growers all know that in order to ensure quality, every step must be very meticulous.
The United States’ Pima cotton improvement plan has played an important role in promoting the development of Pima cotton in the past 50 years, and has produced various types: S-5, S-6, S-7. Its actual improvement over its ancestors lies in yield potential and fabric quality. S-6 and S-7 combined accounted for 73% of the 250,000 acres of American horse cotton in 1998.
Distribution of Pima cotton
Due to the special production season of Pima cotton, if it is impossible to sow seeds due to weather between April 10th and 15th every year, it will be harvested that year. Can no longer be planted. Therefore, the annual output of Pima cotton is very limited, and the entire annual output of Pima cotton only accounts for less than 3% of global cotton production. Japan consumes 2/3 of the annual Pima cotton production and export volume, so Pima cotton exported to other countries is even more scarce.
Every year, 75% of American Pima cotton is sold abroad. Japan is the main importer of super-long fiber cotton, and its fine yarn textile mills need to import from American suppliers. It exceeds 2/3 of the annual output of ultra-long fiber cotton. Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan, and Switzerland all use Pima cotton mostly for their fine yarn products.
Characteristics and advantages of Supima cotton
Supima cotton production areas must ensure no pollution
This is what distinguishes it from other The biggest feature of cotton
At the same time, its harvesting and processing adopt highly automated technology and industrialized large-scale harvesting
In this way, external fibers can be avoided Pollution
Zero skin irritation, pure natural fiber
Meet environmental protection and human health requirements
None Formaldehyde, no fluorescent whitening agents, no carcinogenic aromatic amines
Soft and non-static
35% longer than ordinary cotton
Greatly increases the softness and gloss of the fabric
Fewer fiber ends can minimize the risk of static electricity and pilling. Troubled
Cotton material is strong and durable
Supima cotton is 45% stronger than ordinary cotton
woven The fabric that comes out is very tough
Strong, durable and has a good drape feeling
Long-lasting and beautiful color
The velvet is of excellent fineness and has better dyeing ability
The color is brighter and more beautiful
It can be used for a long time to ensure that it lasts like new