There are more and more types of fabrics and we need to do more homework. Do you know the types and names of fabrics? Let’s take a look today.
When we buy clothes or fabrics, we will find that sometimes the fabrics on the labels are unknown to us, and the prices are also very different. This will inevitably make us have doubts, so today we will take a look at the types of fabrics and their names. Let’s take a look!
People often refer to fibrous materials whose length is more than a thousand times larger than their diameter and have only a certain degree of flexibility as fibers. The thickness and length of fibers are important factors that determine the feel of fabrics.
Usually there are two types of fibers: natural fibers (obtained directly from nature) and synthetic fibers (obtained through chemical treatment and injection spinning.).
Cotton: (seed fiber) is arguably the most widely used clothing fiber in the world.
The advantages are strong moisture absorption, warmth retention, and comfortable wearing;
The disadvantages are that it is easy to wrinkle and has a large shrinkage rate (generally, the acceptable shrinkage range of knitted clothing is + 5%). Mildew will occur. If the cotton fiber is exposed to sunlight for a long time, its strength will be reduced and the fiber will become hard and brittle. If it encounters oxidants, bleaching powder or oxidative dyes, the strength of the fiber will also be reduced and the fiber will become brittle and hard.
Wool: natural animal fiber. Unless otherwise specified, it refers to shearing from sheep. of hair. Its advantages are high water absorption, warmth retention and durability;
The disadvantage is felting reaction (a unique and important feature of wool). In addition, wool is easily eaten by insects and will pill due to frequent friction. If exposed to strong light for a long time, its tissue will be damaged and its heat resistance is poor.
Polyester (synthetic fiber): Synthetic fiber is made of polymer compounds, and polyester is one of them , it is also called polyester fiber.
The advantages are high strength, strong wear resistance, good elasticity, and strong heat resistance;
The disadvantage is the lack of hydrophilic structure between the molecules, so the hygroscopicity is extremely poor. Breathability is also poor. Fabrics woven from it will feel stuffy and airtight when worn on the body.
What are the clothing fabrics that everyone knows? Please continue reading
1. Cotton fabric
Cotton fabric is woven from cotton fiber.
It feels soft and comfortable, breathable and warm, such as our common cotton denim.
2. Linen fabric
Hemp fabric is made of hemp fiber spun into yarn.
Common ramie and linen have a hard feel, are cool and breathable, and are often used as summer clothing fabrics.
3 silk fabric
Silk fabric is made of silk.
It feels soft and smooth, the color is bright, and the wearing effect is elegant and gorgeous.
4 Woolen fabric
Wool fabric is made of wool fiber spun into yarn.
It feels soft and looks smooth, stable and elegant when worn. This fabric is often used in suit jackets.
5 Synthetic fiber fabrics
Polyester, nylon, acrylic, spandex, etc., have high fastness, wear resistance and washability, but It feels stuffy when wearing it.
Common spandex fabrics are used to make swimwear, fitness wear, diving suits, etc.
6. Non-textile fabrics
Leather, artificial leather, etc. This type of fabric has good warmth retention.
Let’s talk about how to identify fabrics
1. Cotton: soft to the touch. If it is pulled off, you will see that the fiber length is inconsistent.
2 Polyester-cotton linen yarn: The fabric is light and thin, ribbed.
3 Silk: soft to the touch, soft luster and elasticityIt has good sex and feels cool to the touch.
4 Polyester-cotton poplin: crisp appearance and uniform luster
5. Synthetic fiber: The fabric is strong and not easy to break, but the luster is poor.
6 Rayon: soft, but lacks elasticity, and the broken fibers are neat.
7 Satin: Thick and smooth surface.
Have you learned how to distinguish fabrics? You can leave a message below to interact with me and communicate!
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